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6. Super Soft Womens Jeans The Sizing Solution

From the days when jeans or denims were created, they were as good as wearing your camping tent canvas, stiff, hard and of course blue. When come to jeans, pants and dresses, women are particularly sensitive and selective on the clothing they put on, sofness & comfort is certainly in. Nowadays its common to hear about the new Super soft women jeans which evolved to the popular Womens's yoga pants (stretchy) and Women stretchy slim jeans. These stretchy is made from a mixture of spandex, soft from specially sized thinner cotton fibres and the main attraction, it expose the shape of women. It's pretty cool and comfortable to wear these body hugging clothing with hardly the feeling of wearing them but few of us actually know how much work goes into creating them. In the textiles' industry term, "sizing" doesn't mean a good fit but a pre-weaving treatment to make clothing that has evolved over centuries from a stiff cardboad feel to a soft flowing and comfortable one.

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There are three different steps that need to be performed during the fabric production process, and the first one is the yarn production. During this particular process the raw materials are harvested, then processed so they are quickly and easily transformed from the natural, bland fibers to threads and yarn. The process used here is called spinning, and it can be done either by spinning wheel, which is the preferred method or it can be done by hand, but the latter consumes time and requires attention to detail. When using the spinning wheel, the fibers are drawn across it, so while it spins they can be collected in a bobbin. This is where all the spun fibers will be caught, and they will be connected into a large strand of yarn. In the second step, yarn spinning happens at speed and the sizing process of the warp yarn is required to reduce the breakages of the yarn on the weaving machine but that is not all. Since the weaving machine causes the warp yarn exposure to several types of stress during processing, like abrasion, cyclic strain and flexing at various process looming parts and also yarn on yarn friction. So what is sizing?

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Sizing improves the strength and abrasion resistance of the yarn while also smoothening out the yarn hairiness. Again, the improvement of yarn strength depends on the adhesion strength between fiber and size. This is the penetration amount of a certain formulated prepared solution bath where the coarse yarn threads travels into and out of it, thus absorbing this solution into the surface of the yarn as well as encapsulating the yarn threads. In history, commonly starch was used to strengthen out the yarn threads and giving it tension strength when dried enabling it to be easily weaved at high speeds without shredding into fibers. This starch was then hot washed leaving some of the starch deliberately trapped within the fibers bus as we know, dried starch tend to be stiff.

The new Appraoch to Fabric Sizing

Nowadays,the thinnnest, durability and softness of your fabrics in modern textile manufacturing applies water-soluble polymers, fats, and synthetic chemicals in a process called textile sizing. Here agents and chemicals such as modified or synthetic starch, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), carboxyl methyl cellulose or CMC, acrylates, synthetic wax extracted from vegetable or animal fats is added to the sizing solution to reduce the abrasiveness of the warp yarn are treated to the yarn in controlled concentration in a hot sizing bath. A little anti-foaming oil is added to the sizing bath to prevent foaming that can cause uneven treatment of sizing solution, even sizing application to the yarn and to prevent foam solution from forming and overflowing of the hot sizing bath. The type of yarn or fabric material e.g. cotton, linen or polyester etc, the thickness of the yarn, type of weaving processes and equipment design with different the sizing recipe will produce the required yarn type. After the treatment of sizing agent, the yarn goes through de-sizing process where the yarn, now a fabric is washed of excess sizing agent and hot dry steam is applied for drying.

The final step of the production process is a little more tedious and it requires the manufacturers to join the individual threads in order to create the fabric. This process is actually called weaving and it’s performed by a machine called Loom. It requires two different sets of yarn, the first one is strung across a metal frame and the other one is simply connected to the metal rods in the machine. Once the yarn sets are added in the machine, the process is performed by the computer, where the manufacturers select the exact type of fabric that needs to be woven. There are other processes of joining fabric as well, either knitting or crocheting, but these are usually done by hand and take a lot more time to perform, which is not a good option when it comes to working with a large number of fabrics at once. Once that is completed, the fabric will go through the final step, called processing.

The fabric that’s fresh out of the loom is called greige. Its looks are similar to the white sheets that you have, only in this case it still contains a lot of impurities, debris and seed particles. This means that the first step when it comes to processing involves cleaning the fabric. It gets treated with bleach that simply purifies the base color, and then it receive a treatment with a large number of chemicals that are specifically mixes to remove wax, oil or any other impure element. Once this process is done, the fabric gets shipped to the clothing manufacturers. Then again depending on the yarn grades, sizing processes and long, these manufactures textile will be transformed in various clothing items, based on the designs created by professionals.

Before entering mass production, a single, testing piece of clothing will be manufactured to see the results. First of all, the fabric will be cut based on the measurements that were performed beforehand. Each piece of the fabric will go to a certain place, according to the design, so it’s important to ensure that the designs are correct. Once all the pieces of fabric are in place, the sewing process comes in. Workers will use a sewing machine to combine all the pieces together and create the desired clothing item. Once everything is sewn, it comes down to attaching the details such as buttons, zippers, elastic, stitches or so on. After everything is done, the new clothing is ready to wear.

As you can see, it takes a lot of hard work to create the best women dresses made from soft clothing material women desire today, these generally coming from newer sizing chemicals and techniques applied in modern textile plants. However there are still a sizeable amount of traditional backyard shanty mills in South East Asia, some still stirring hot sizing solution in huge clay pots over fire wood, making hand-woven textile and selling their “modern” Jeans and "Batiks" in villages’ night markets, an attraction in its own right.

Copyright© 2014 article by www.e1womenjeans.com

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